The Infusion of the "Phase Blood" via B.Shumard's Red Ace!

"Phase" is the most important stud in modern OFRN bulldogs! The "Phase" blood is the best maintained Hemphill/Wilder bloodline there is  today! There isn't a breeder today that can hold a candle next to the "PHASE" program. The breeder of the "Phase" program is the most honest in any of today's working Old Family strains! This blood has rarely been offered to the public and it is only now after 2 decades of fine tuning with a strict breeding program that the "Phase" blood will start being filtered into a few working programs. There is a lot of HYPE with other breeders and bloodlines... but that's all it is... is "HYPE"! The "HYPE" is a selling tool! And that's what seperates the "Phase" blood from others. The "Phase" blood has never been peddled! The "Phase" program is the product of hard work and dedication of more than 2 decades of strict breeding. All of the hard work and dedication was done with Love and Passion for these Reds! And Not because there was an opportunity to make money! And that's what seperates the "Phase" blood from the rest!  "The Best" in modern day Reds!!! 



Welcome to Nor Cal Red's OFRN Kennels. We are a small family operated Kennel in The Bay Area of Northern California specializing in the true "Old Family Red Nose" strain of American Pitbull Terriers. I have high hopes for the future of my dogs. I will be getting them involved in conformation and weight-pull shows in the future. My dogs love to work  and aim to please. With the physical attributes, athletic abilities, and the sound temperment  they possess... I'm confident they will make great representatives of the breed. 

My dogs are not just dogs...they are treated like family members and are raised just like my own children. My female lives in the house and my male has the entire yard to his own and they both roam freely unchained.  We do not do this to make a living as most of you know the time and cost at maintaining one of these dogs. This is something we do because we truely love this breed. These Old Family Dogs are not just a hobby... they're a way of life. We are all about promoting a positive image. I've been passionate about this particular strain of APBT's for over 20 years and hope to be involved in preserving and improving this old strain for the next 20 years to come. We strive to create the best all around dog. My dogs are gentle, loyal, and very affectionate. But their courage is like no other. They have a straight forward drive and are willing to protect and serve like no other. Our dogs are ADBA/UKC/AADR registered and also DNA Profiled. Welcome to my site and I hope all the info here is very informative. Please dont forget to sign our GUESTBOOK .


First and foremost we are all about promoting a positive image. Our dogs recieve the highest quality of care. They are working dogs and yes they work  hard. When they work... I work with them! We are a team and whatever they do I try to make it as fun as possible  for them.  I myself walk/jog about 8 miles a day 4 times a week and I will always have one of my dogs along my side. I feed them a combination of  Innova Red Meat and a raw diet consisting of  ground chicken back, chicken organs, turkey necks, beef liver. With a well balanced diet from day one and the amount of love that they recieve from us helps create a well balanced dog psycologically and physically.  And this will be passed on to their offspring as well. We strive to create the best environment for our household... and that includes our dogs also.

Pure Old Family Reds are the perfect example of what this breed truly is! Beauty and grace without sacrificing any functionality of what this breed was originally bred for. My dogs are correct in conformation and bred to the old ADBA standard of the APBT . They also have that "Show Stopper" quality look to them. They weigh approximately 40-55 lbs and are well proportioned. These are not your oversized, big-boned, large heads, low to the ground, non-functional bully type dogs. Most of my dogs ancestors are direct decendants of  the pure Hemphill/Wilder bred dogs. Very athletic with a combination of lightning quick speed and agility. My dogs are very loyal and very protective of their family. They're great with kids. These dogs will do anything that they are trained to do and always give 110% in whatever they excel at. These dogs have an extreme prey drive. They work hard and quitting is never an option. 2nd to none! They are the undisputed ultimate pound for pound champs!



We do not deal with Bully Style dogs! If you are looking for a Bully Style dog you are in the wrong place. We only deal with 100% old fashion APBT's. 

We do not condone dog fighting! Our dogs are not raised or bred in any way shape or form for any illegal purpose!



My Mentor-  A real special thanks to you! I don't even have to say anything more!!! 

Old Family Reds- Thanks to Mike Morgan  for "Angel"! She's a great all around dog.  I couldn't ask for anything more in a bulldog! The most loyal, affectionate, and loving dog anyone could ever meet. She's an amazing athelete with plenty of bulldog attitude. She has started her show career and has placed 3rd in 3 out of 4 conformation shows. 

Southern Inferno Kennels- Thanks to David for just having a great site with a great breeding program! Someone who really cares about his dogs. It was your site that really inspired me to finally move forward with my dogs and create a site to showcase them.


This site was established to serve as a meeting place for fellow fanciers of the OFRN bloodline. Whether it be pride, ego, a desire for recognition or some other form of self promotion; the OFRN line has suffered much from divisions within the strain. Myself and the fellow moderators of this board feel as though it is necessary, for the preservation and success of the Old Family Rednose line, that we facilitate a site to connect fanciers and breeders of ALL the various incarnations of the OFRN strain. Here both novices and veterans will be able to share their knowledge and present their inquisitions; we welcome all admirers of these amber-eyed, red-coated dogs.  It is my hope that through this board we, the stewards of the OFRN line, will be able to unite and aid in the preservation and future success of one of the most historically significant lines in American Pitbull Terrier history.

January-February, 1975 issue of Bloodlines Journal

" No one really knows when these dogs first came to this country, but the great breeder William J. Lightner once told me that his grandfather raised them before the Civil War. It is quite possible that they were even here during the Revolutionary War. In any case, it is clear that dogs of this breed came from various parts of Europe, specifically Spain and Sicily. But little is known about these earliest importation's, because nothing was written about them.. People like Lightner, McClintock, Menefee and Wallace, to mention just a few. "Regardless of one's historical perspective, these old amber eyed, rednosed, red-toe-nailed, red coated dogs represent some of the most significant pit bull history and tradition that stands on four legs today."     By Richard Stratton



The Old Family Rednose bloodline is one of the most significant bloodlines in all of the American Pitbull Terrier's history. There were many great men and a few women who dedicated decades to help solidify the foundation of what is known as the Old Family Reds. In the very beginning it was William J. Lightner and Con Feeley who bred the very first dogs that are credited for being the foundation of what eventually became the Old Family Reds. The two more recognized individuals today are Bob Hemphill and Jake Wilder. They have passed away many years ago. But there are many more that contributed after them. I just learned from a well recognized individual that there were 3 significant individuals that have recently passed away; Mrs. Marsha Woods, Mr. Bill Pritts, and Mr. Ron Sitzes. Many of us who have OFRN dogs today will see these 3 individuals names in the first 4 generations of our dogs pedigrees. It is because of all the hard work  and dedication of these Great Men & Women that we stand proud of the bloodline that we choose to admire. The OFRN is one of the oldest and most historical bloodlines and it will always remain the Best of the Best in my opinion!

This section is dedicated to the memory of all those who made what the OFRN is today!





 7.23. 2008 - 12.23. 2008


Gameness in APBT's is a canine virtue that is most akin to the human virtue of unflagging courage. It is a determination to master any situation and never back down out of fear. It was developed in pit bulls by many generations of selective breeding. It is what allows a pit bull to keep fighting non-stop for two or more hours, in spite of broken bones, torn muscles, blood loss, dehydration, and exhaustion. But it is also valued by APBT owners who would never think of fighting their dogs. It is manifested in the can-do attitude of pit bulls toward any type of challenge, whether agility competitions, climbing up trees, or protecting their family against an armed attacker, etc. (Yes, check out Richard Stratton's books for photos of pit bulls actually climbing up the trunk of a big tree in order to nestle in the branches 15 feet off the ground.) Generally speaking, a game dog is an emotionally stable, easy-going dog, especially good with kids. Gameness should not be confused with aggressiveness. There are plenty of aggressive dogs that are not game, and there are game pit bulls who are not aggressive toward other types of dogs. Aggressiveness will propell a dog into a fight but will only sustain him for the first few minutes. Gameness, on the other hand, will not necessarily make a dog fight-happy; but if the dog has no other choice but to fight, a game dog will fight until it wins or dies trying, and will keep going as long as necessary. Gameness is an inner quality of pit bulls. There is no way you can tell by looking at a pit bull whether it is deeply game or not. The only test--and for many years the main criterion for selecting a dog for breeding purposes--is actually fighting the dog to see how it stands up to other dogs that have likewise already proven their gameness in the pit. Dogs that are emotionally unstable, or that fear-bite human beings are generally not game. If you want a nice pit, you're generally better off getting one that has been game-bred. These dogs represent the truest exemplars of all the best qualities in the breed. Your questions about my post on the nature of "gameness" posed a couple of very good questions that I would like to try to answer. > If it is indeed the case that the only way that you > can be sure that your dog is truly "game" is to have > a fight to (almost) the death, what is really the > point of having a game dog ? Many APBT owners like myself have no interest whatever in fighting our dogs, yet we appreciate the quality of gameness in our breed. I am quite content to know that just about any APBT, even one with only mediocre gameness as far as APBT's go, is still going to be far more game--that is, far more courageous and determined to succeed against any challenge he may confront--than the gamest individuals of just about any other breed. Thus, without ever having to match your dog against another, you can be confident that your dog is game simply by virtue of the fact of being an American Pit Bull Terrier. Of course not all pit bulls are equally game. It has been pointed out in a previous posts that there is a range in the variation in the *DEGREE* of gameness among individual pit bulls. If you plotted a distribution graph, you would get a classic bell curve, with a handful of dogs exhibiting dead gameness, another handful of dogs who are afraid of their own shadow, and the bulk of the dogs concentrated around the average in between these two extremes. If you then plotted the bell curves of gameness for other breeds, you would find that there is little overlap between the APBT's bell curve and those of all the rest. Your second question, Wilf, relates to whether the degree of a particular pit bull's gameness can be assessed by some test other than fighting; I'll return to this question below. All dog owners think there is something unique and superlative about their own dog's breed. Gameness is what I, as an APBT chauvanist, think is so special about pit bulls. Actually, let me modify that. What I love best about my own dog is how cute and cuddly and friendly she is with everyone. She's a dog I am proud to bring anywhere. She makes everyone laugh with her insane kissing compulsion. But these two qualities are not unrelated. As I mentioned in my prvious post, gameness seems to go hand in hand with a lovable, outgoing, licky disposition toward people. I have to say that I don't know and don't really care exactly *how* game my dog is relative to others of her breed. I imagine she's no great shakes, since her parents were weight-pullers, not fighters, and you'd have to go back to her great-grandparents to find dogs that were game-tested. But I can tell you that she is known, among more than a few neighborhood dog owners, as "the friendliest dog in Hyde Park." She is beside herself with happiness--literally leaping up and down for joy--whenever a passerby so much as smiles at her. It's important for people to understand the paradoxical truth that she, like all the other nice, human-loving pit bulls out there, is the way she is BECAUSE OF--NOT IN SPITE OF--her breed's history of selective breeding for fighting purposes. Until about 15 years ago, there were only a small handful of dedicated breeders who maintained this breed, and I would guess that nearly all of these breeders bred for gameness and game-tested their dogs in order to choose the ones to be bred. During all that time, you never heard of pit bulls mauling 5-year old kids. It was only when the breed became immensely popular in the 1980s--i.e., when lots of ignoramuses suddenly became backyard breeders--that you began to read stories (at least some of them must have been true) about man-eating pit bulls. These monster dogs were not "fighting dogs," but just the opposite. The scrupulous criteria that old-time breeders had used for selecting or culling dogs in breeding programs were thrown out the window--along with plain common sense. The backyard breeders didn't know the difference between gameness and aggressiveness. Many of them didn't grasp the fact that a champion fighting dog is born, not made; so they tried to make their dogs into "fighting dogs." How? Through abuse, teasing, "practice" on non-fighting dogs, etc.--all sorts of things that knowledgeable pit enthusiasts would find cruel and abhorrent--and counterproductive as preparation for pit contests. I read a story not long ago that was enough to turn my stomach; it was about the arrest of an 18-year old kid in Philadelphia on charges of animal abuse; he was keeping his wretched pit bull isolated in a tiny feces-covered kennel. The dog's only contact with the outside world was when this jerk would "feed" it live cats and dogs that he had stolen from neighobrs' homes. He thought he was preparing the dog to be a good fighter. Needless to say, it is this sort of person, rather than the old-time dedicated breeders, that the public--thanks to the mass media--associates with the breed. Speaking of the mass media, I wouldn't be surprised if this particular jerk got his bizarre ideas about schooling a pit dog from watching the sort of distorted, sensationalistic news coverage that purports to "expose" what pit fighting is all about. In the hands of ignorant breeders, the gentle, affectionate qualities that were so crucial to the old-time breeders also went out the window. You began to see idiotic ads in the classified section announcing "Pitbull pups for sale. Big-boned. Big heads. Excellent attack dogs. No papers. $250" From the old-time breeders' point of view, the gentle qualities were an absolutely indispensable safety precaution to be bred into a fighting dog, since no dog could be fought if it couldn't be safely handled by its owner during a pit contest. These breeders bred for a type that was extremely easy-going and docile around people and would NEVER think of biting a friendly hand, even amid the fury of a fight. A well-bred pit bull is so reliable in this respect that even if he is badly hurt in an automobile accident and is in extreme pain, he won't snap at his owner who tries to pick him up--unlike most dogs in that situation. Well-bred pit bulls are like labs in that they will never try to dominate their owners through threats, such as growling or baring teeth or snapping. Sure, they will try to dominate you--by outsmarting you, by doing something sneaky to get their way when they know you're not looking. But it is a very rare pit bull that will growl when you pick up his food dish or reach into his mouth to take a bone away. The analogy to labs is fitting because both of these breeds were selectively bred for tasks that demanded an extreme level of generosity toward people. Can you imagine a lab that snarled when you tried to take the duck from his mouth? Such a dog would have been culled from a serious performance-based breeding program. Likewise, any APBT that showed the least sign of aggression toward people was culled as unsuitable for breeding. Whether true or not, it was an article of faith among old-time breeders that a human-aggressive dog simply could not be dead game. In any case, such a dog would have been unsuitable for fighting purposes: no one would volunteer to be its handler or to referee the match. As a result of this careful breeding history, the APBT is an extremely easy-going, human-loving dog. This isn't just a personal, impressionistic perspective of mine. The American Canine Temperament Testing Association is an organization that titles dogs for passing its temperament test. The test consists of putting the dog into a series of unexpected situations, some involving strangers. The dog fails the test if it shows any signs of unprovoked aggression or panic around people. Of all dogs that take the test, 77% on average pass. But among pit bulls who take the test, 95% on average pass--one of the highest passing rates of all breeds. One wonderful thing about APBTs is that they have an uncanny ability to size up a potentially threatening situation correctly and decide whether or not it is actually something to get agitated over. This is related to their fearlessness and unphasability. Let me relate three stories about my dog Ruby that illustrate this point. (Please note: I'm definitely not claiming that Ruby is exceptionally game; all I'm saying is that she has a typical pit bull personality). This past summer, my wife had Ruby out in the back yard of our apartment building. Out of nowhere a little kid about 6 years old came charging at Ruby, swinging a big plastic sword over his head and screaming. He was pretending to be a Ninja turtle. Before my wife could cut him off, he ran right up to Ruby and whacked her right in the middle of the back with his sword. Ruby responded as she always does to the approach of little kids: celebratory dancing. She thought it was all a big game, just like tag. She was prancing up and down and straining at the leash to get close enough to lick the kid's face. A similar event occured this summer when my wife and I went out, with Ruby, to visit her brother in Portland, OR. My brother-in-law has an 8-year old kid, Ben, who is clinically diagnosed as suffering hyperactive/attention-deficit disorder. He's a nice kid but completely out of control. He acts impulsively without thinking of the consequences of his actions. He and Ruby fell in love instantly, but we vowed not to let him be alone with Ruby unsupervised. Not that we didn't trust Ruby, we didn't trust Ben. Well, one day the two of them somehow got out alone in the back yard. I was walking up the stairs inside the house when I glanced out the back window and, to my amazement, I saw Ben hauling off and repeatedly slugging Ruby in the face! I yelled out the window for him to stop it, and he did. But the incredible thing was Ruby's reaction: she was jumping up and down for joy as if getting punched in the face was the funnest game on earth. There was nothing Ben could do to her that she would see as threatening. She followed Ben right in the back door of the house. My brother-in-law sent Ben to his room for punishment. Ruby knew something was wrong. She stood outside the closed door of Ben's room, crying forlornly for her buddy to come back out and play. I told my brother-in-law, "Ben's lucky that the dog he decided to torment was a pit bull, and not a cocker spaniel or bichon. Otherwise, he might be missing a limb!" On the other hand, Ruby has growled only once in her life, and it was in an appropriate context. We live in the south side of Chicago, which has one of the highest crime rates in the country. 5 of the 9 apartment units in our building have been burglarized in the last two years; a foreign grad student was held up at gunpoint in the foyer of our building last year. There have been 4 fatal shootings in a three-block radius of our apartment since we moved in two years ago. You can hear gunfire most nights. So we're always a little anxious when we go out after dark, even just to take Ruby out to pee. Well, one night my wife took Ruby down to pee at about midnight. My wife noticed a guy walking down the other side of the street muttering to himself and shadow-boxing the air. He seemed to be drunk or on drugs. When he saw my wife, he crossed the street, still shadow-boxing and muttering, and approached her. Ruby didn't like the looks of this one bit. Her hair went up on her back, her whole body began shaking, and when this guy got within about 15 feet, she began to snarl in a deep, menacing tone. The guy backed off, muttering, "Whoa, pit bull, pit bull, pit bull," and crossed back over to the other side of the street and continued on his way, no doubt looking for an easier victim. We were pleasantly surprised to find out that Ruby actually had it in her to be protective; we had always thought she was just too goofy and too overly trusting of strangers to act the way she did. > If gameness manifests itself as climbing trees, > (etc etc) then aren't all these legitimate tests for gameness? Pit bulls will generally excel in activities that require sustained determination and that test their bodies' ability to endure pain and exhaustion to an extreme. But the fact is that there are very few activities that will test a dog's gameness to its limits, or that will provide a basis for comparing one dog's degree of gameness to another's. For example, wild boar hunting, in spite of the high level of risk to the dog involved, doesn't really test the limits of a dog's gameness. The tangle between boar and dog is fast, furious, and generally quite short (compared with a pit contest). Athletic ability, agility, explosive power, strength of bite, and smarts are of a higher priority here than gameness, which never really has a chance to come into play in so brief an encounter. The dog will either take the boar down or be killed before the depth of his gameness can make much of a difference. Several larger breeds of dogs--American Bulldogs and Argentine Dogos--seem to be at least equally adept at boar hunting as pit bulls. But this doesn't make them as game as pit bulls. Just because a game disposition will aid a dog in excelling at many different activities--such as agility competition, flyball races, tree-climbing, etc.--doesn't mean that these activities are sufficient tests for gameness. Gameness is multi-dimensional; the above activities do not stress all of these dimensions simultaneously to their extreme limits . Gameness is, in positive terms, a happy eagerness to pursue a challenge; but it is also, in negative terms, the stubborn refusal to heed the cries of the nervous system to stop struggling and and to flee the situation that is causing so much pain. None of the activities above can fully assess this second dimension. Unfortunately,the only activity that really tests the full extent of a dog's gameness is pit contests. It's a pity that this is the case. Personally, I don't much like the idea of dog fighting, especially when money is involved and takes precedence over the well-being of the dogs. If I knew of another method--say, a DNA test--which could determine gameness, I'd be happily promoting that method right now. But genetic research has a long way to go before it could provide such a test. And with slightly more imporant concerns, such as preventing cancer, I don't expect many research dollars to flow into DNA game -testing. As a result, I'm left in the rather hypocritical position of celebrating a canine virtue that is only made possible by a human vice. So be it. I still prefer game dogs. I said at the beginning of the post that I am uninterested in finding out just how game my own dog is. You might ask, "Why would anyone be interested in knowing exactly how game their dogs are?" Well, I'm not a breeder. Understandably, breeders only want to choose the very best exemplars of the breed in their breeding programs. If you breed APBTs without regard for their degree of gameness, their gameness will gradually be lost with each succeeding generation. This is essentially what has occurred with Am Staffs and Staffy Bulls, which for many generations have been selectively bred for appearance rather than for the invisible inner quality of gameness. (Furthermore, I should add, less than scrupulous selection of all these breeds also risks the loss of the breed's excellent dispostion toward people.) In order to maintain a high degree of the desired qualities, a breeder must carefully select only those dogs that have them in the highest degree. Gameness was an extremely difficult trait to develop; it took more than a century of tiny, incremental improvements through selective breeding to produce today's APBT. Though achieved only with great difficulty, gameness is easily lost, sometimes even in the hands of good breeders. If you mate two grand champions, you will be lucky if just one or two of the pups is of the same quality as the parents. Traditonally, the job of breeders was to identify these offspring and use only them to continue the breeding program. Sometimes it's the case that two great dogs will not produce any offspring who are their equals. You are right, Wilf, in the sense that the presence of gameness in a dog has nothing to do with making the dog fight. Fighting a dog obviously will not improve the genes it was born with. But if you were a breeder interested in *maintaining* the gameness of your line, well, that's a different story.


NOTE - This is a historical article for entertainment purposes only! I do not claim my dogs are "game" nor do I claim that I breed for "gameness". I simply love the qualities that these old game dogs posess. Loyalty, athleticism, courage, drive, and affection are the most important qualities that I look for.